Adenovirus common in pediatric hepatitis cases, but role still unclear

Although adenovirus was isolated from most children with unexplained acute hepatitis, its role in the illnesses remains unclear, according to the authors of two new studies published in The New England Journal of Medicine.Adenovirus infection has been implicated — but not proven — as the cause of a spate of pediatric hepatitis cases with an…

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen extends survival in pancreatic cancer

Neoadjuvant modified FOLFIRINOX alone vs. with hypofractionated radiotherapy demonstrated favorable OS among patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, according to results of a phase 2 trial published in JAMA Oncology.Therefore, modified FOLFIRINOX (leucovorin, 5-FU, irinotecan and oxaliplatin) represents an effective treatment regimen in this patient setting, researchers noted.“Both ASCO clinical practice guidelines and [National Comprehensive…

Beer consumption may boost gut microbiota diversity in men

Drinking one bottle of nonalcoholic or alcoholic beer daily for 4 weeks may lead to more diverse gut microbiota in men, without significantly changing body weight, BMI or cardiometabolic biomarkers, according to new research.“Decreased bacterial diversity has been associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease,” Cláudia Marques, PhD, of NOVA Medical School in Lisbon, Portugal, and…